Most of the company’s early designs were heavy pressed patterns. Arthur J. Bennett, an English native, was hired to manage the Cambridge factory. Most of the patterns produced between 1901 and 1906 were designed by Bennett. In addition to designing many of the company’s early patterns, Bennett also designed the company’s first backstamp, which read “Near Cut.” In 1907, Bennett liquidated his lifetime savings and purchased the Cambridge factory for $500,000.
Cambridge Glass grew into a huge enterprise. By 1910, the company began mining for its own coal. Each Cambridge furnace was fueled by coal and consumed more than 50 tons of coal per day. In addition to its coal burning furnaces, Cambridge used natural gas, which it produced from its own wells. Also in 1910, the company purchased the Byesville Glass and Lamp Co. Cambridge Glass released its Marjorie and Betty patterns during this period. Both patterns were named after Arthur Bennett’s family members.
Soon after the close of the Second World War, the company began rapidly loosing sales. Finely made crystal was no longer in demand because more Americans were using cheaply made imported crystal. In 1954, Cambridge Glass made the decision to close its doors. The company was sold to Sidney Albert of Akron, OH in 1955. Because sales remained poor, Albert sold the company after one year. In 1956, Cambridge Glass was sold to Morrison Industries of Boston, MA. In 1958, the company closed its doors for a final time. Imperial Glass bought all of Cambridge’s molds and equipment.
Over the next few decades, the American market continued to be flooded with machine made imports. In 1984, Imperial Glass was forced into bankruptcy. Cambridge’s molds were purchased by the National Cambridge Collectors Association and were stored at the Cambridge Museum in Ohio. In 1989, the original Cambridge factory met its demise. The city of Cambridge condemned the Cambridge Glass factory and razed all its buildings. Cambridge Glass continues to be highly collectible. Replacements carries an array of these beautiful patterns, including Rose Point , Caprice, Chantilly, Wildflower, and Diane . Be sure to browse our extensive list of patterns made by the Cambridge Glass Co.