Marguerite Pitcher and Basin Set by Royal Winton
Royal Winton of England is world-renowned for chintz china, and this rare Pitcher and Basin Set, our Museum Feature, carries the Marguerite design, the very first chintz pattern Royal Winton produced.
The word “chintz” derives from the Sanskrit, “chitra,” for “painting.” Chintz calico was imported from India into Europe at the beginning of the 17th century. But not until three centuries later would the English popularize the decoration on dinnerware.
As author Anne P. Welsh notes in her valuable reference work, “Chintz Ceramics,” three brothers, Leonard, Edward, and Sidney Grimwade founded a company in 1885 at Stoke-on-Trent, England. Successful in their trade, they acquired other firms, including Stoke Pottery and Winton Pottery in 1900, when they changed their company name to Grimwades, Ltd. Additional acquisitions followed, and by 1913, the company employed about 1,500 people. Leonard Grimwade, who had worked as a lithographer before joining his brothers, developed a method of decorating porcelain that was similar to printing images on paper. His specialized transfer printing process enabled the Grimwades to apply the bold, elaborate designs and brilliant colors of chintz fabric to china economically. (A close inspection of the Marguerite pieces in our museum show application of the design much like wallpaper, with cuts and trims to accommodate the curved shapes of the pieces. The blue trim was painted by hand.) The Grimwades released their first chintz design, “Marguerite,” in 1928. It was an immediate success.
The backstamp on the Marguerite pitcher in our collection bears the “Grimwades” mark, with the notation, “Stoke on Trent England.” According to writer Anne Welsh, this stamp was used in 1930 and subsequent years. Another backstamp, noting “Royal Winton,” was also used from 1930 forward. That backstamp resulted from the patronage of King George V and Queen Mary, and the prefix “Royal” was added to the Grimwades, Ltd., wares in that year. From that time forward, the company’s productions most often bore the mark, “Royal Winton.”
With the success of Marguerite, Royal Winton introduced another chintz pattern, Delphinium , three years later. Over the next 30 years, the company would release more than 50 chintz patterns. A Royal Winton advertisement appearing in the 1947 “Pottery Gazette & Glass Trade Review” stated that Royal Winton’s chintz patterns were being exported to Australia, New Zealand, the U.S., Canada, and South Africa – most of the English-speaking world! Some of the company’s most popular patterns are Summertime, Old Cottage Chintz, Welbeck, Sweet Pea, Sunshine, and Cheadle.
With Royal Winton’s many successes with chintz patterns, other china manufacturers began to produce the designs. James Kent Pottery released several patterns, including Dubarry and Rosalynde . Johnson Brothers released Summer Chintz and Rose Chintz . Both patterns were immensely popular. Today, Minton China continues to produce their ever-popular chintz line, Haddon Hall , and original Royal Winton patterns are highly prized by collectors.
While the Royal Winton Marguerite Pitcher and Basin Set in our Museum is not for sale, Replacements, Ltd. carries the chintz patterns noted above, as well as patterns from other manufacturers. Be sure to browse our web site. And remember that we always invite you to visit our facilities! Here you will see an absolutely stunning variety of silver, china, crystal, and collectibles! Our Showroom and Museum are open from 9:00am to 7:00pm ET, 7 days a week (except holidays); free tours are available from 10:00am to 6:00pm ET, 7 days a week. The Showroom and Museum are conveniently located between Greensboro and Burlington, NC, at exit 132 off Interstate 85/40. We look forward to seeing you!
Click here to view our Featured Museum Pieces Archive!